[Corpora-List] CfP: Managing Anaphora in Discourse: towards an interdisciplinary approach (GLAD 2018), Université Grenoble Alpes, 5-6 April 2018

caroline.rossi at u-grenoble3.fr caroline.rossi at u-grenoble3.fr
Mon Jun 19 13:25:09 CEST 2017

Call for papers

International conference

‘ Managing Anaphora in Discourse: towards an interdisciplinary approach’

/ ‘Gérer L’Anaphore en Discours: vers une approche interdisciplinaire’

(GLAD 2018)

Université Grenoble Alpes, France

5-6 April 2018

Conference organised by Laure Gardelle, Caroline Rossi and Laurence Vincent-Durroux (LIDILEM / ILCEA4)

A considerable amount of research on anaphora has been devoted to the definition of the concept and its limits (deixis, antecedentless anaphora) and to the selection of an anaphoric expression type in discourse (cognitive status, pragmatics). More recently, studies have been carried out on anaphora processing by human subjects (chronometric analyses, eye movement tracking, for instance) or on its computational modelisation (e.g. automatic coreference resolution). Interdisciplinary approaches to anaphora management, however, are still rare. The aim of this conference is to bring together specialists from various disciplinary fields, with two goals:

1) getting a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the comprehension and production of anaphora, across a broad range of communication contexts and speakers, and with a particular interest in disrupted or constrained communication environments.

2) reconsidering the place of anaphora in information processing theories. This issue also implies metalinguistic considerations as to the relevance of anaphora as a tool, especially in the face of the more recent concept of “reference chain”.

As regards the first goal, cognitive and pragmatic studies have established the importance of the degree of accessibility of the referent for the choice of the anaphor, and the role of inferences. The addressee must detect clues, of various kinds, from which to infer the interpretation of the anaphor. But what are the potential obstacles to the detection of those clues? The issue remains to be explored, in particular when applied to less studied communication contexts and/or speakers. We therefore particularly encourage contributions that will address the following questions:

- In language acquisition, the general mechanisms of anaphora development in children are relatively well established. But some disorders, such as high-functioning autism or Asperger syndrome, or specific language impairment (SLI), are associated to differences in the way anaphora works. What are they exactly, and what do they reveal about the general mechanisms involved in anaphora?

- For deaf people, how is anaphora acquired and implemented in sign languages, in their spoken language and in written productions?

- In second-language acquisition, what difficulties do learners meet to produce authentic anaphoric chains, and where may they originate?

- The problems posed by anaphora for translators are well known; but what does the analysis of data from large corpora reveal?

- In the field of natural language processing, what elements are relevant to identify co-references in automatic text analysis? How can understandable and linguistically plausible anaphora be automatically generated? What is the part played by the syntactic dimension in anaphora resolution? Studying cases of competition between potential referents in natural language may also contribute towards an answer.

- In the domain of computer-assisted translation, anaphors are among the elements that human translators must improve in the texts returned by automatic systems. What problems do automatic translation systems face, and to what extent can knowledge of human processing help to solve them?

- What forms does anaphora take in so-called non-standardised written productions, such as note-taking, home-to-school notebooks, or drafts of various forms of writing? Where does anaphora stand in what is, or is not, made explicit?

>From a more theoretical standpoint, the conference also invites contributors to reconsider the place of anaphora in information processing theories. Talks are welcome on the following issues, among others:

- What is the part played by non-verbal cues in the comprehension and production of anaphora? Special points of interest include gestures, facial expressions, and (verbal or non-verbal) attitudes of encouragement, or even co-construction, towards children or foreign learners who struggle to produce their message.

- A better understanding of anaphoric mechanisms may also lead to consider anaphora in relation to grammatical phenomena that are also involved, such as agreement. One case in point is semantic override agreement ( the committee has... they... ; French mon médecin [masc.]... she ... [fem.]); another is reference shift in discourse, especially in speech (such as I bought a Toyota because they are robust ). What exactly do these shifts reveal about the way anaphora works, whether they are licensed by the grammar of the nouns or restricted to discourse phenomena?

- What part does anaphora play in discourse structure? Its role is well established for discourse cohesion, which is acquired late. But given that anaphora production and resolution are complex mechanisms, what happens for instance when a language user temporarily faces cognitive overload, especially in L2: is anaphora preserved, or is it damaged? Similarly, when a speaker consciously alters an element of the message (for instance, for some speakers, to achieve gender-neutral discourse), to what extent are anaphora or their processing affected?

- More generally, studying the role of anaphora in discourse structure invites a reassessment of the very relevance of the concept of anaphora in the traditional sense of the word. Some propose to extend it to cases in which there is no textual antecedent (‘pragmatic anaphora’); others drop the focus on anaphora in favour of the broader concept of ‘reference chain’, whose links may be anaphors, but also any other mention of the referent. Does this mean that the boundaries set by the traditional concept of anaphora are not the most relevant to tackle information processing? Are studies with a specific focus on anaphora still relevant? Besides, given the broader approaches to referent in the current innovative frameworks, might the concepts of ‘endophora’ and ‘exophora’ (Halliday & Hasan, 1976) gain new interest?

Submissions should be uploaded on the conference website: https://glad2018.sciencesconf.org

(English version available by clicking on the flag, or at: https://glad2018.sciencesconf.org/?forward-action=index&forward-controller=index&lang=en )

They will contain the title, name(s), first name(s), institution, email address of the author(s), followed by an extended abstract in English or in French (around 700 words), and key references. The abstract will clearly state the issue under study, the data, the method of analysis and the main findings.

Language of the conference : English and French

Following the conference, selected papers will be considered for publication .

Caroline Rossi

Maître de conférences en anglais 33 (0)4 76 82 80 87



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