[Corpora-List] Open Research Position (M.S. / Ph.D. / post-doc): Analyzing Routine Activities for Crime Prediction

Zoltan Boka zoltan.boka at gmail.com
Wed Apr 23 22:55:03 CEST 2014


"If I'm going on a holiday to the Pacific Northwest, I'll pack an umbrella, which I may not need if I go to Santa Fe, where sunglasses, a sun hat and sunscreen lotion will be essential."

How does that apply to people? I like to think (perhaps wrongly, especially when it comes to large groups which are depressingly easy to manipulate) that individuals are more complicated than algorithms.

On Tue, Apr 22, 2014 at 3:36 PM, Martin Mueller <martin.mueller at me.com>wrote:


> Heidegger, not a great name to conjure with in many contexts, was
> nonetheless quite good on the subject of 'fore-judgement,' the literal
> translation of 'prejudice' and 'Vorurteil'. If you look closely enough all
> judgments are 'fore-judgements' and to that extent discriminatory. If I'm
> going on a holiday to the Pacific Northwest, I'll pack an umbrella, which I
> may not need if I go to Santa Fe, where sunglasses, a sun hat and sunscreen
> lotion will be essential. Come to think of it, Bayes and Heidegger are at
> one on that.
>
>
> On Apr 22, 2014, at 12:39, Adam Kilgarriff <adam at lexmasterclass.com>
> wrote:
>
> If a clever system can predict who is going to predict a crime - with
> good, but far from 100%, accuracy, is the use it
> a) rational policing practice
> b) discriminatory
> to use that information?
>
> Seems to me, it's both.
>
> Marek says
> > But there are definitely many ways to abuse this technology as well.
>
> I don't feel abuse is the main issue. Any use of it is discriminatory.
> Should we trade off? Tough question.
>
> Adam
>
>
> On 22 April 2014 11:34, Marek Rei <marek.rei at gmail.com> wrote:
>
>> Here's an interesting article about how Chicago police is already
>> applying such technology (in somewhat troubling ways):
>>
>>
>> http://www.theverge.com/2014/2/19/5419854/the-minority-report-this-computer-predicts-crime-but-is-it-racist
>>
>> I wouldn't say crime prediction technology by itself is evil, it's more a
>> question of how it's used. For example, I wouldn't have a problem with a
>> system that can prioritise a large list of likely suspects after a crime
>> has been committed, or is able to flag a social media message calling for a
>> hate crime. But there are definitely many ways to abuse this technology as
>> well.
>>
>> Marek
>>
>>
>>
>> On Tue, Apr 22, 2014 at 10:55 AM, Christian Pietsch <
>> chr.pietsch at googlemail.com> wrote:
>>
>>> Hi Matthew,
>>>
>>> so you want to build a heuristic precrime detector based on routine
>>> activities observed on social networks. Does that mean that if, say, I
>>> tend to update my status at the same time as some terrorist in your
>>> training set, your software will label me as a likely terrorist and
>>> put me on a no-fly list? Will I get a chance to prove my innocence?
>>>
>>> When you have some spare time, try to watch Minority Report. Or did
>>> this movie inspire your project? Then you must have misunderstood its
>>> message.
>>>
>>> Your suspect
>>> Christian
>>>
>>>
>>> On Mon, Apr 21, 2014 at 11:34:11AM -0400, Matthew Gerber wrote:
>>> > Hello,
>>> >
>>> > A new research position has opened within our lab, and we are seeking
>>> M.S.,
>>> > Ph.D., and post-doc researchers.
>>> >
>>> > One-sentence summary: We are mining social media for indicators of
>>> > individual routine activities for the purpose of improved crime
>>> prediction.
>>> >
>>> > Longer summary: This project focuses on the spatiotemporal prediction
>>> of
>>> > localized attacks carried out against individuals in urban areas. We
>>> view
>>> > an attack as the outcome of a point process governed by the
>>> interaction of
>>> > attackers, targets, and the physical environment. Our ultimate goal is
>>> to
>>> > predict future outcomes of this process in order to increase the
>>> security
>>> > of human populations and U.S. assets and interests. However, achieving
>>> this
>>> > goal requires a deeper understanding of how attack outcomes correlate
>>> with
>>> > the routine activities of individuals in an area. The proposed research
>>> > will generate this understanding and in doing so will answer questions
>>> such
>>> > as the following: What are the dimensions along which individuals’
>>> > activities should be quantified for the purpose of attack prediction?
>>> How
>>> > can measurements along these dimensions be taken automatically and with
>>> > minimal expense (e.g., via social media)? What are the implications of
>>> such
>>> > measurements for attack prediction performance? Subsuming these
>>> questions
>>> > is the issue of geographic variation: do our answers change when moving
>>> > from a major U.S. city to a major U.K. city? There has been plenty of
>>> > previous work on spatiotemporal attack prediction (see our Asymmetric
>>> > Threat<
>>> http://ptl.sys.virginia.edu/ptl/projects/asymmetric-threat-prediction
>>> >project);
>>> > however, these basic questions remain unanswered, leaving a
>>> > substantial gap in our understanding of attack processes and their
>>> > relationships with individuals’ routine activities.
>>> >
>>> > More information can be found
>>> > here<
>>> http://ptl.sys.virginia.edu/ptl/projects/routine-activities-analysis-for-crime-prediction
>>> >
>>> > .
>>> >
>>> > Sincerely,
>>> >
>>> > Matthew S. Gerber, Ph.D.
>>> > Research Assistant Professor
>>> > Department of Systems and Information Engineering
>>> > University of Virginia
>>>
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>
>
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> ========================================
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> adam at lexmasterclass.com
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>
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