[Corpora-List] Second CFP: Third Workshop on Corpus-Based Approaches toFigurative Language

Alan M Wallington A.M.Wallington at cs.bham.ac.uk
Wed May 4 18:01:00 CEST 2005

Apologies for cross-postings

Third Workshop on Corpus-Based Approaches to Figurative Language
July 14th 2005 Birmingham UK


part of Corpus Linguistics 2005
(conference webpage: http://www.corpus.bham.ac.uk/conference/.

The third workshop will continue with one of the strengths of the
series, namely
its interdisciplinary nature, asking only that attendees share an
either in the use of corpora to elucidate aspects of figurative
language, such
as metaphor, metonymy, irony, or hyperbole, or in the study of corpus
and tools that may be needed for this. However, we believe that the
field has
now matured sufficiently to allow us to propose a theme, namely: 'the
nature and
use of the source domain'. Papers and discussion addressing this topic
will be
particularly welcome. Nonetheless, we will continue to accept good
examining any aspect of figurative language from a corpus-based


A leading hypothesis in metaphor theory is that our knowledge of
source domains is used systematically to help understand or delineate
complex or abstract target domains. Importantly for this approach,
domains are usually thought of as consisting of vast networks of
knowledge such
as we would have of buildings, families, journeys wars, etc. Under this
approach, many different aspects of the source are viewed as being in a
systematic correspondence with aspects of the target and inferences that
can be
made about the source are understood as transferring to inferences about
target. And there has been much research using corpora amongst other
tools to
uncover the systematically related sets of correspondences that would
these vast, ontologically rich, source domains to the more abstract

However despite research detailing many examples of such systematic
correspondences, there remain problems with the hypothesis. For example,
has noted numerous instances where individual correspondences, reported
belonging to one set of source domain to target domain correspondences
have a
much wider currency and can also be found amongst the correspondences
for completely different source and target domain pairings. Conversely,
he has
also noted the existence of common and prominent features of the source
that appear to have no target domain correspondents. For example, whilst
language of buildings is often used to describe the target domain of
such important parts of a building as the windows or the internal wiring
have no
common equivalents in the target domain of theories. These observations
that giving primacy to the type of rich domain suggested earlier might
be a
mistake. But must all the apparently systematically related
correspondences that
were previously taken to define the type of ontologically rich domain
that can
be used to structure an abstract target be reanalysed either as primary
metaphors, the result of the interaction of primary metaphors or as
coinings? What role is there now for the traditional view of the source
It is very difficult to rely solely on intuitions on this issue.

A further problem with source domains is that often the type of
situations being
described are not ones that would normally hold of the source domain if
one were
not speaking metaphorically, and can at times be extremely odd or
counter to
much of our general knowledge about the source. This would cast doubt on
view that familiar reasoning patterns imported from source are used to
structure the target. For example, Musolff (2004) presents numerous
drawn from British and German newspapers in which various nations within
European Union are described as "fathers of the Euro". But how can a
child have
multiple fathers and why are no mothers assumed? This is not a case of
using the
structure of the familiar to describe the less familiar or abstract. One
entertain the hypothesis that if a recognisable odd situation holds
within the
source domain, then the oddness would transfer in an invariant manner to
target. Yet this is certainly not the case here.

Other examples in which important and familiar aspects of the source are
when the source is used metaphorically are easy to find. Compare the
two conventional metaphors: 'This reflects the views of the majority';
'This is
a mirror image of the views of the majority'. The existence of the
latter shows
that we are familiar with the 'reversing' property of reflections, but
the two
metaphors have opposite meanings. Thus much of our familiar knowledge of
reflections is ignored when the former is used. Indeed, it is often not
that source domain knowledge is ignored but that at times it is directly
in the service of metaphor. Thus Aristotle argues that there is
analogy (in modern terms) between 'the shield of Ares' and the 'cup of
Dionysus', and this allows the metaphor 'the cup of Ares' to be used to
refer to
the shield. However, he also notes that one may deny the source term one
of its
proper attributes and describe the shield as 'the wineless cup'. But
what is a
wineless cup? It seems that the breaking of source domain expectations
is a
signal that a metaphor is being used.

Andreas Musolff. 2004. Metaphor and Political Discourse Analogical
Reasoning in
Debates about Europe. Palgrave Macmillan.


Anybody wishing to present at the workshop should submit a two-page
abstract. References and tables need not be included in the two pages.
accepted, authors will be invited to submit a full paper (maximum eight
prior to the workshop which will be included in the workshop proceedings
published as a University of Birmingham Technical Report with an ISBN
number. As
reviewing will be blind, the paper should not include the authors' names
affiliations. Furthermore, self-references that reveal the author's
e.g., "We previously showed (Smith, 1991)...", should be avoided. Send
the pdf,
postscript, rtf, or MS Word form of your submission to: Alan Wallington
(A.M.Wallington at cs.bham.ac.uk ), who will also answer any queries
regarding the


Abstract submission deadline: Wednesday 25th May 2005
Notification of acceptance or rejection: Monday 6th June 2005
Deadline for receipt of full papers for
inclusion in workshop proceedings: Thursday 30th June
2005 Date of Workshop: Thursday 14th July


John Barnden
School of Computer Science University of Birmingham Birmingham B15 2TT
J.A.Barnden at cs.bham.ac.uk

Sheila Glasbey
School of Computer Science University of Birmingham Birmingham B15 2TT
S.R.Glasbey at cs.bham.ac.uk

Mark Lee
Schoolof Computer Science University of Birmingham Birmingham B15 2TT
M.G.Lee at cs.bham.ac.uk

Alan Wallington
School of Computer Science University of Birmingham Birmingham B15 2TT
A.M.Wallington at cs.bham.ac.uk

Li J (Jane) Zhang
School of Computer Science University of Birmingham Birmingham B15 2TT
L.Zhang at cs.bham.ac.uk

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